The 7 Principles of Universal Design

This resource provided principles that you can use to create or evaluate your spaces to ensure that they are accessible to everyone.

Quick Facts

  • The 7 Principles of Universal Design are:
    • Equitable Use: The design is useful to people with diverse abilities.
    • Flexibility in Use: The design accommodates the preferences and abilities of different people.
    • Simple and Intuitive Use: Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
    • Perceptible Information: The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user’s sensory abilities.
    • Tolerance for Error: The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
    • Low Physical Effort: The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.
    • Size and Space for Approach and Use: Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user’s body size, posture, or mobility.

Visit the 7 Principles of Universal Design


National Disability Authority (1997). The 7 Principles. Web page. Retrieved from: